Dolley Madison: Fact Sheet of Dolley Madison
Facts and Info: This
fast fact sheet provides important information about Dolley Madison, First
Lady of the United States of America.
Dolley Madison Fact
Lady of President James Madison
Relationship to President James Madison:
Dolley entered White House as First Lady: March 4,
When and where was
Dolley Madison born?
She was born on May
20, 1768 in New Garden Quaker Settlement, North Carolina.
her birth name was Dorothea
What was the name of
her father and mother?
The name of
her parents: John Payne & Mary Coles Payne
What was her
relationship to President James Madison?
was his wife
When did she marry?
Her first marriage to
John Todd, Jr. was
in 1790 but she was widowed in 1793. On September 15, 1794
What are the names of
names of her children, who were both from first
marriage, were John Payne Todd (1792 – 1852), William
Temple Todd (1793)
When and where did
Dolley Madison die?
Dolley died on July 12,
1849 in Washington, D.C.
Dolley Madison Fact
Lady of President James Madison
Picture of Dolley Madison
Dolley Madison: Fast
Overview of Events in the White House
Facts and Info: Dolley Madison
assumed the position of First Lady to President James Madison. She witnessed
the important events of his presidency that included
Barbary War and the
War of 1812 between the US and Great
Britain during which time the White House,
was burned in the
Personality and Character: Dolley Madison
Facts and Info: An insight into the personal views, character and
personality of this First Lady may be obtained from the following
Dolley Madison quotes:
"And now, dear sister, I
must leave this house or the retreating army will make me a prisoner
in it by filling up the road I am directed to take. When I shall
again write you, or where I shall be tomorrow, I cannot tell!"
An extract from a letter that was
written by Dolley just before the British burned the White House in 1814.
Her Nickname or Pet Name - Queen Mother
Facts and Info: This highly popular First Lady, Dolley Madison, was known as
the 'Queen Mother'. Following her
term as First Lady, and extending after the death of her husband, it
became traditional for incoming Presidents to visit her to receive
her blessing before taking office. Her birth name was Dorothea but
she was always called by her family or pet name Dolley.
Dolley Madison: First Events
Facts and Info:
President Zachary Taylor was the
first to refer to her as “First Lady” when delivering her eulogy.
Dolley was also the 1st First Lady to be featured on a silver dollar
and it was she who introduced the tradition of the Easter Egg Roll.
Facts about the Causes and Accomplishments of
Facts and Info: First Ladies are not elected so have no official
role. Their accomplishments are therefore based on their own
particular wishes that ranged from political interests, humanitarian
and charitable causes or duties relating to their family or social
responsibilities. The causes and accomplishments of Dolley Madison were
demonstrated in her support of
orphans as patroness
of the Washington Female Orphans Asylum. She also played an
important role during the War of 1812. As the British army grew
closer to Washington in 1814, Dolley ordered that White House staff to
save an historic portrait of George Washington and other national
treasures when the White House came under attack.
Dolley Madison: The Life of Dolley Madison
& the Burning of Washington
Facts and Info:
came from a highly influential and well connected, in fact,
married George Steptoe Washington who was a nephew of President
George Washington. Her first husband was John Todd. Dolley was
widowed with a young son
John Payne, who was
called "Jemmie", her other son had died. Dolley Payne Todd married James Madison on
September 15, 1794. A bright vivacious hostess she arranged popular
social gatherings at the White house. The War of 1812, known as
America's "second war of independence", between the US and
the British threw Washington into chaos. Washington had little
strategic value but, as the new nation's capital, its destruction
would have a significant impact on Americans. On August 24, 1814 the
American forces were defeated at the Battle at Bladensburg. A force
of 4000 British soldiers headed for Washington, intent on its
destruction. The inhabitants fled the city, including Dolley Madison
who had the presence of mind to take a full length portrait of
George Washington with her. Dolley fled by carriage across the
Potomac and the British set Washington ablaze. The thick sandstone
walls of the White House and Capitol survived and the Capitol was
reconstructed from 1815 to 1819. Dolley Madison and the President
resided in The Octagon House for the remainder of his term. Dolley
Madison contributed to the decoration of the White House as it was
rebuilt. James Madison died in 1836. Dolley Madison was forced to
sell their home, Montpelier, to pay off her son's gambling debts.
Dolley was helped by the government who gave her a small pension. She
lived in Washington and received all the new presidents in her
house. Dolley died on July 12, 1849 at the age of 81 years old.
Dolley Madison: The Ghost of Dolley Madison
Facts and Info: The ghost of Dolley Madison is one of the most
famous and most frequently seen ghost that haunts Washington DC. The
Sightings of the Dolley Madison ghost have been reported in the
White House Rose Garden, the Octagon House and most famously the
Dolley Madison house - all located in Washington D.C. The legend of
the ghost of Dolley Madison appearing in the White House Rose Garden
relates to a story that
Edith Galt Wilson,
the second wife of President Woodrow Wilson, wanted to redesign the
White House Rose Garden that had been planned and created by Dolley
Madison. The White House Gardeners were about to did up the rose
garden when the ghost of Dolley Madison appeared. The ghost
apparently frightened the life out of the gardeners. Not one of them
would touch the Rose Garden - and what's more no one ever made a
second attempt. The idea was dropped and Dolley's Rose Garden
remains in tact. The most frequent sightings of Dolley Madison's
ghost have been made at the Dolley Madison House, the American
colonial-style historic house located at 721 Madison Place in
Washington, D.C. The house was once the residence of former First
Lady who lived there from November 1837 until her death in July
1849. It is said that Dolley's ghost haunts the area where the porch
on the west side of the house used to be. Her smiling ghost has been
reported rocking in a chair, a serene ghost as opposed to the angry
ghost of the White House Rose Garden.